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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Bone Mineral Density at Different Sites to know the Prevalence of Regional Osteoporosis in Patients

Author: A.M. AMUTHAN, M. NARAYANA REDDY
Abstract: India is that osteoporotic fractures in India occur relatively at a younger age than their western counterparts and are common in both genders. Apart from traditional factors like aging, menopause, recently published data have also documented widespread vitamin D deficiency across India. Vitamin D deficiency is rapidly assuming public health importance due to its high prevalence across the affecting all age groups, especially in urban areas. Various factors like poor sunlight exposure, skin pigmentation and a vitamin D-deficient diet are important reasons for this. Hence independent of the differences in the skeletal size Indians are reported to have lower Bone Mineral Density (BMD) as compared to western Caucasians. Even though reliable epidemiological data at the community level are lacking, hospital data suggest that fractures involving hip and other bones attributable to osteoporosis are common in India. Many studies have also proven that Men are affected equally and even more than the women by these osteoporotic fractures in India. This research work proposes to measure the bone mineral density at different sites to know the prevalence of regional osteoporosis in patients.
Keyword: Bone Mineral Density, Vitamin D, Micro Architectural Worsening, Bone Flimsiness, Vertebral Column, Skeletal.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.04.225
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