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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

A Step Towards Excellence
Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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The Effect of prenatal yoga on anxiety, cortisol and sleep quality

Author: FINTA KUNDARTI, IRA TITISARI, TRI CAHYO SEPDIANTO, I GUSTI AYU KARNASIH, S SUGIJATI
Abstract: Background: Anxiety is a psychological problem that is often faced by women during pregnancy, especially women who are first pregnant. Psychological disorders that are too long will affect the condition of the mother, fetus, and outcomes. Prenatal yoga is a technique that has been adapted to the condition of pregnant women. Examination of psychological conditions such as anxiety through plasma cortisol biomarkers is needed and measuring sleep quality in pregnant women has not been much studied. Our study compared anxiety, plasma cortisol, and sleep quality in primigravida among pregnant women who received prenatal yoga interventions and received routine prenatal care. Methods: randomized control trial test. We recruited all 59 healthy primigravida women with 20 to 32 weeks' gestation. Participants were divided into 2 groups randomly, the yoga intervention group (n = 30) and the control group (n-29). Yoga interventions are given every week for 8 weeks, the duration of the exercise is 90 minutes per session. Anxiety assessment uses state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI), plasma cortisol using ELISA, and sleep quality using PSQI conducted at the beginning of week 1 and end of week 8. Results: the yoga intervention group had lower anxiety and blood cortisol levels than the control group (p <0.001), the quality of sleep in the yoga intervention group was better than the control group (p <0.001). Conclusion: Prenatal yoga significantly decreases anxiety and cortisol plasma, improves the sleep quality of pregnant women. Our findings can be recommendations for health workers, especially midwives, to improve prenatal care in overcoming psychological problems during pregnancy.
Keyword: prenatal yoga, anxiety, cortisol, sleep quality
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.315
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