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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

A Step Towards Excellence
Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Need of orthodontic treatment in children with early permanent dentition

Author: A.ASHWATHA PRATHA, RAVINDRA KUMAR JAIN
Abstract: Malocclusion is a very common dental disorder in a large proportion of children and adolescents. Determining the need and treating it at an early stage can reduce the severity of malocclusion and treatment time in permanent dentition.Thus this study was focused on orthodontic treatment needed in children with early permanent dentition. The study was aimed to determine the orthodontic treatment need in children with early permanent dentition reporting to a university hospital setup. A retrospective cross sectional study was conducted by including the records of patients who visited a university dental hospital between June 2019 August 2019. Demographic data like age, gender were recorded. Children were selected by simple random sampling between the age group of 12-15 yrs. Orthodontic treatment need was evaluated using the IOTN index and then subjected to statistical analysis. Orthodontic treatment need was higher in 12-14 yrs age group (63%) compared to 14-16 yrs(37%) and orthodontic treatment need was more in males (55%) compared to females (45%). The association of age and gender with orthodontic treatment need was not statistically significant (p>0.005). Within the limits of the study, the overall orthodontic treatment need was moderate to severe in subjects reporting to the author's institution and there was no significant association between age, gender with orthodontic treatment need.
Keyword: age; children; early permanent dentition; malocclusion; treatment need
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.296
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