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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

A Step Towards Excellence
Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Prevalence of denture stomatitis among denture wearers

Author: AZIMA HANIN.S.M, GIFRINA JAYARAJ, HEMAVATHY MURALIDOSS
Abstract: Denture Stomatitis may be compounded by physical disabilities that reduce a patient’s ability to maintain good oral hygiene, and also by illnesses such as diabetes mellitus, immunosuppression and medications. Oral candidiasis, commonly referred to as “oral thrush,” is an opportunistic fungal infection that commonly affects the mucosa of oral cavity The main aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of denture Stomatitis among denture wearers This retrospective study was conducted among denture stomatitis patients who visited the OP of Saveetha Dental College, Chennai. Data was reviewed and collected from 86,000 patient records over a ten months period from June 2019 to March 2020. Data collected was assessed and tabulated using Microsoft excel. The collected data was then subjected to statistical analysis using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS)Among 52 patients who had denture stomatitis; about 61.5% lie in the age group of 51 to 80 years. Among them 60% were females. 20% of subjects had diabetes, a precipitating factor for denture stomatitis. 55.8% of the study sample have type 2 diabetes.Within the limits of this study; denture stomatitis was prevalent in older age groups with predominance in female gender. Denture stomatitis was also prevalent in patients who had other precipitating factors like diabetes, tobacco habit or were under immunosuppressive drugs. Type 2 denture stomatitis was common and more prevalent among denture wearers. Future approaches and strategies for treatment could involve targeting the binding of Candida to the denture surfaces, oral mucosa and inflammation caused by denture stomatitis.
Keyword: Oral Candidiasis, Denture Stomatitis, Candida Albicans, Complete or Partial dentures, Diabetes, Immune-suppressants, Smokers, Tobacco-Users.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.297
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