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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Cleft lip and palate corrections done in a hospital setup based on the international congress classification.

Author: HARSH KASABWALA, KIRAN KUMAR PANDURANGAN
Abstract: One of the most common types of developmental deformity seen in a dental hospital setup is usually that of cleft lip and palate. Cleft is usually associated with speech and hearing difficulty and also shows growth deformities in a few cases. To evaluate the prevalence of cleft lip and palate corrections done in a hospital setup in Chennai. The study was designed as a retrospective study. A total of 33 patient records who had undergone cleft lip and palate repair were acquired by analysing the records of 86000 patients treated between June 2019 to March 2020. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the frequency and the percentage of different types of clefts reported in the hospital. The correlation between age and gender of the patient with the type of cleft occurring was done using chi square test. SPSS version 20 software was used to carry out the statistics. 39.4% of the cleft cases involved only the lip. 6.1% of the cases involved lip and the alveolus. 21.2% of the cases involved lip, alveolus and the hard palate [unilateral/ bilateral]. 33.3% of the cases involved the lip, alveolus, hard and soft palate [unilateral/ bilateral]. Hence the maximum number of cases involved had cleft of lip and palate accounting to approximately 60.4% of all the cases. Maximum number of cases that arrived between 0- 2 years of age. Maximum number of patients were males. No significant results were found when age and gender were correlated with the type of cleft present. Within the limitations of the study it can be concluded that cleft of the lip and palate combined was the most common type of cleft scene in the study population and it was mainly present in males below 2 years of age.
Keyword: Cleft lip , Cleft palate , Hard palate , Soft palate , Alveolus, syndromes involving cleft of lip and palate.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.302
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