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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

A Step Towards Excellence
Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Assessment of Oral Hygiene Status in Various Types of Maxillary Labial Frenum - A Retrospective Analysis

Author: S.SANTHOSH BALA, M. JEEVITHA, VIVEK NARAYAN
Abstract: Frenum is a mucous membrane fold with enclosed muscle fibres that attaches the lips to the alveolar mucosa and underlying periosteum. The frenum may be vital but often understated in oral examination. This jeopardizes the gingival health as it may affect the plaque control. The present study might help us with determination of oral hygiene so as to primarily prevent gingival health. The aim of the study is to determine the association of different types of maxillary labial frenum and the oral hygiene status. A study sample of 69 patients was included in the study. Data comprising the type of upper labial frenum and the Oral Hygiene Index- simplified interpretation were collected and statistically analysed. 45 % of patients with class I type of maxillary labial frenum showed good oral hygiene, 41% showed fair and 13% had poor oral hygiene and the class II and III types showed mostly fair oral hygiene. Most of the patients with class I type presented with good and fair oral hygiene whereas in class II and class III types, fair oral hygiene was more commonly seen, however it was statistically not significant (p value- 0.856). Within the limited scope of our study, the results showed that the majority of the patients had fair to good oral hygiene in all the three types of maxillary labial frenum and the frenum type did not influence the self- performed oral hygiene maintenance.
Keyword: Frenum; Frenal attachment; oral hygiene; gingivitis; oral hygiene index.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.303
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