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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Pattern of Tooth Mobility in Patients with Periodontal Disease- A Hospital Based Analysis

Author: J.S.THASLIMA NANDHINI, M. JEEVITHA
Abstract: Tooth mobility may be a common problem among patients seeking dental treatment. Tooth mobility is defined as an extent of horizontal and vertical tooth displacement created by external forces, trauma and periodontal disease. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the pattern of tooth mobility in patients with periodontal disease. Case sheet records of 86000 patients who had visited Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals between June 2019 and March 2020 were reviewed. 200 patients (105 males, 95 females) with periodontitis were included in the study. Age, gender and the pattern of tooth mobility with respect to region were collected. The collected data were analysed using SPSS statistical software. Descriptive statistics (percentage, mean, SD) and inferential test (Chi-square test) were performed. Tooth mobility was more common among males (52.8%) than the females (47.2%). Age between 41-50 years (42.7%) had a higher chance of tooth mobility. Tooth mobility was more commonly seen in the mandibular arch (47.4%) and in the anterior region (45%). Patients age, gender, site and region of mobile tooth were not associated with tooth mobility. Tooth mobility due to periodontal disease can occur equally in both male and females. The present study showed that 80% of the patients with periodontal disease had tooth mobility. Therefore, early diagnosis, preventive therapeutic measures and oral hygiene reinforcement is needed to prevent progression of periodontal disease leading to tooth mobility.
Keyword: Periodontitis; Tooth mobility; Periodontal disease; diagnosis
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.304
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