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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Morphometric Analysis of Second Cervical Vertebrae and Its Clinical Implications - A Cross Sectional Study

Author: VIGNESHWARAN RAVICHANDRAN, KARTHIK GANESH MOHANRAJ
Abstract: This study is intended to examine the human second cervical vertebrae (Axis) morphologically and morphometrically and to compare it with its clinical applications and to examine the scale, shape, prominence and morphology of typical cervical vertebrae using morphometrics . This study aims to analyze and correlate the second cervical vertebrae with its clinical implications using morphometric parameters. In the present study, a total of 30 dry human second cervical vertebrae (C2) were used for evaluation. The axis and the odontoid process / Dens of the axis were morphologically and morphometrically analysed using vernier caliper. The results obtained were analyzed statistically, tabulated, and represented graphically. The mean total height of the axis was 26.2 mm. The mean Dens superior width (DWs) was 12.2 mm and inferior width (DWi) was 11.9 mm. The mean Dens superior depth (DDs) was 12.4 mm and inferior depth (DDI) was 9.9 mm. The mean Dens superior area (DAs) was 111.5 mm 2 and inferior area (DAi) was 89.4 mm 2. The mean Dens height (DH) was 17.8 mm. The data presented in the study were meant to contribute to creation of the precise database of vertebral dimensions of Indian population. The results can serve as reference values used for diagnosis of various clinical conditions. Moreover, measured dimensions can be used in the model line of the axis for improved implant or surgical instrumentation design and related FEM analysis. They may also be helpful for preclinical planning to avoid or minimise surgical complications such as vertebral artery injuries or damage to other vital structures.
Keyword: Second cervical vertebrae; Dens process; Morphology; Morphometry; Clinical implications
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.357
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