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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

A Step Towards Excellence
Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Assessment of caregivers’ knowledge and attitude towards electroconvulsive therapy in mental health institutes: A descriptive cross-sectional study

Author: , HITESH HANMANT THORAT, VAISHALI R.MOHITE
Abstract: Background Electro convulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective, shorter, less costly, inpatient intervention in psychiatric cases. However, doubts about its efficiency and safety along with inadequate information and social stigma, among the caretakers have limited its use. Objective To assess caregiver’s knowledge and attitude towards electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in selected mental health institutes. Methodology The prospective study included 75 caregivers satisfying the inclusion criteria. A structured knowledge questionnaire and five-point likert scale was prepared to assess their attitude and knowledge. The questionnaire constituted three sections including questions on socio- demographic variables, caregiver’s knowledge, and attitude about ECT. Statistical analysis was performed by using R software (Version. 3.6.0). Results Majority of the caregivers were Hindus, in the age group 21-30 years with almost equal number of males and females (male: female= 0.68:0.70) and were either a sibling or parent of the patients. Most caregivers had good level of knowledge (52%) and positive attitude (69.33%) regarding ECT. A highly positive correlation (P <0.001) was found between caregiver’s knowledge and attitude towards ECT. Educational status and knowledge regarding ECT showed a positive association with each other (P <0.05), while caregivers’ level of attitude about ECT and the various sociodemographic variables were independent of each other (P >0.05). Conclusion Most caregivers had adequate knowledge and good positive attitude towards ECT.
Keyword: Attitude, Caregivers, Demography, Electroconvulsive therapy, Mental health
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.388
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