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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

A Step Towards Excellence
Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Problem Focused Coping and Parental Stress in The Autonomy of Oral Self-care for Down Syndrome Children

Author: SITI FITRIA ULFAH, TRI WAHONO, AGUS MARJIANTO
Abstract: Introduction: Down syndrome has been found to have a higher prevalence of caries, higher prevalence of periodontal disease, and poor oral hygiene. Parents who have down syndrome children have their own stressors and can be used problem focused coping to improve oral self care. This study aims to determine the correlation of problem focused coping with stress on oral self-care independence of children with down syndrome. Method: This type of research is quantitative with cross sectional research design. The population in this study were all parents of down syndrome students in SDLB in Surabaya and POTADS Surabaya, with amount of 110 respondents. Data collection used questionnaire and data analysis was performed using the spearman correlation test. Results: Parents who have down syndrome children using problem focused coping are included in the high category (52.7%), and the results of spearman correlation test shows a significant correlation between problem focused coping and the independence of oral self-care in down syndrome children (sig = 0.0263, p <0.05), there is no significant correlation between the parents stress with oral self care independence of down syndrome children (sig = 0.967, p> 0.05). Discussion: adaptive coping can predict positive behavior in terms of oral hygiene. Coping strategies that focus on problems and stick to the coping strategies can lead to healthy behaviors. Conclusion: Parents who have children with down syndrome experience more high stress. There is a significant correlation between problem focused coping and oral self-care independence of down syndrome children.
Keyword: Problem focused coping, down syndrome, stress, oral self care, children
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.01.147
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