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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

A Step Towards Excellence
Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Prevalence of Oral Mucosal Lesions Among Elderly Population in Basrah Governorate: A Retrospective Study

Author: ZAINAB ABDULKAREEM MAKTOOF, OULA FOUAD HAMEED, SHATHA KH.HUSSAIN
Abstract: Oral health affects the general health in all age groups, however, in the elderly patients the situation is exaggerated by many factors as the systemic diseases and the prolonged use of medications besides the effects of the aging process that deteriorates the cell repair and the immunity, so this study was carried out to evaluate the prevalence of the oral mucosal lesions in elderly patients attending the Basrah college of dentistry. This study was a retrospective study conducted on the recorded pathological reports in the oral pathology department, data of the 55 patients aged >50 years were analyzed statistically using SPSS(version 20). The lesions were more frequent in females 34 (61.8%) while in males there were 21 (38.2%) cases. The age group 50-60 years represented the most frequent group with 24 (43.6%) cases followed by 20(36.4%) aged 60-70 years while patients age =70 found to be the least frequent group included 11(20%) of the cases. Tumor-like lesions were the most common lesions seen in 27(49.1%) of the elderly patients followed by the inflammatory lesions which represented 20% of the cases. Malignant lesions were seen in 7(12.7%) patients while benign tumors were found in 1 patient. It was concluded that it is essential to establish a routine oral cavity examination to elderly people who are more venerable to develop oral mucosal lesions that can affect their life quality as these lesions can produce pain,loss of function and it can transform into cancerous lesions that need immediate interventions.
Keyword: Oral, Mucosal lesions, Elderly, Tumor-like, Inflammatory, Vesiculobullous
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.01.302
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