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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

A Step Towards Excellence
Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Periodontal status among patients with hypothyroidism visiting a private dental hospital in chennai

Author: JANHVI MANOHAR, PRADEEP KUMAR R, S.P.SARAVANA DINESH
Abstract: Thyroid dysfunction is the second most common glandular disorder of the endocrine system which may have effects on any system in the body including the mouth. The oral cavity is adversely affected by either an excess or deficiency of these hormones. Any alteration in the function of endocrine glands may induce periodontal alterations. This study aims to study the prevalence and analyse an association between hypothyroidism and periodontal health. A retrospective study was performed among patients visiting a private dental hospital, who reported with a history of hypothyroidism. The results were tabulated and statistical analysis was performed. Among 188 patients; 86% of the sample were females and only 14% were male. There was an association between hypothyroidism and periodontal disease. No significant difference was observed among males and females with a history of periodontal disease in the extent of periodontal disease (p>0.05). More than 50% of the patients with a history of hypothyroidism were observed to have gingivitis.
Keyword: Hypothyroidism; Periodontal disease; Periodontal status; Thyroid hormone
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.01.201
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