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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Prevalence of different facial shape in chennai population

Author: HARIPRIYA.R , NIVETHIGAA.B
Abstract: The human body dimensions are affected by ecological, biological, geographical, racial, sex and age factors. Craniofacial analysis can be considered to be one of the important tools for determination of morphological characteristics of head and face. The facial dimension plays an important role in orthodontic diagnosis. Facial indices are among the most important cephalometric parameters useful in inter-racial and intra-racial morphological classification and categorization. The human face is widely recognized as the feature which best distinguishes a person. It includes the anterior part of the head comprising forehead, eyes, nose, mouth and chin and it extends from chin to hairline. The facial type classification can be used to differentiate skeletal from dental malocclusion, to evaluate physiologic differences, to explain variation in facial esthetics, to describe racial differences in facial proportions, to study hereditary transmission and to predict facial growth. The facial type of an individual is influenced by ethnicity, race, sex, genetic, socio economic and nutritional factors. The present study was a retrospective cross - sectional study. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Board. The samples were considered from the patients who checked in the clinic from June 2019 to March 2020. After excluding invalid and duplicate records, a total of 566 patients were taken into consideration and analysed for facial type. The data collection was done and tabulated. The results were analysed and chi square test and pearson correlation was done using SPSS software by IBM (version 26). The results observed were that mesoprosopic was the most prevalent facial type in Chennai population (56%) followed by euryprosopic (39%) and the least prevalent facial type was leptoprosopic (3%) The results of the study showed mesoprosopic was the most prevalent facial type in Chennai population. There was no statistical significance in prevalence of facial type in association with gender. (p value = 0.956). These results vary with various factors like geographic location, ethnicity, norms, socio-economic status, etc.
Keyword: Facial shape; gender; prevalence; population; facial index
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.01.211
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