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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Association Between Angles Class Ii Malocclusion and Periodontal Disease - A Retrospective Study

Author: KARTHIGA DEVI GANGA MOORTHY, JAIGANESH RAMAMURTHY, PRADEEP DHASARATHAN
Abstract: Background: Maxilla and mandible skeletal disharmony or underdevelopment of mandibular growth which leads to class II malocclusion. The clinical features of class II malocclusion are increased overjet, anterior crowding, upper molar distalization. These clinical features can lead to greater impact on oral cavity. Dental plaque has been found to cause periodontal disease, and it is more difficult to remove plaque from teeth that are malaligned. Periodontal disease such as early loss and periodontal pockets which is the major problem found in class II malocclusion patients. Orthodontic treatment is sought by patients for various reasons, the most common being the correction of malaligned anterior teeth to enhance esthetics. Correcting malocclusions with orthodontic treatment is considered to be beneficial for periodontal health. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between class II malocclusion and periodontal disease. Materials and Methods: A total of 1125 patients who visited Private Dental Hospital with class II malocclusion. The collected data was imported into the SPSS software by IBM and analyzed by descriptive analysis and Pearson correlation. Results: Among 1125 patients that included 592 male (52.62%)and 533 female (47.37%). Among 1125 patients, 62.84% had Class II Div, 25.60% had Class II Div 1 Subdivision, 8.44% had Class II Div 2 and 3.11% had Class II Div 2 Subdivision 5.4% of patients had Generalised Chronic Periodontitis and 1.1% of patients had Localised Chronic Periodontitis. Conclusion: A statistically significant association was found between the orthodontic treatment and periodontal disease. More awareness regarding oral health must be spread among the masses to limit the dental problems.
Keyword: Malocclusion, Periodontitis, Periodontal disease, Orthodontics, Angles class II
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.01.221
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