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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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The Incidence of Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Its Variants in An Outpatient Population Visiting A Dental College

Author: ASWANI.E , DR. GHEENA.S
Abstract: Introduction: Squamous Cell Carcinoma is the most common malignant neoplasm of the oral cavity and comprises about more than 90% of the oral malignancies. Important causes of mortality worldwide may vary by geographic location and incidence rates. Aim: The purpose of the study was to identify the prevalance and incidence of variants of squamous cell carcinoma based on anatomic site or specific age and sex groups in outpatient population visiting dental college. Material and methods: Histopathologically proven oral squamous cell carcinoma cases were collected from the patient records from 86,000 patients between 01 June 2019 to 31 March 2020.The cases were systematically grouped under the three headings :clinical site, age group and gender;analysed to calculate the prevalence and incidence of oral cancer. The study was undertaken after obtaining approval from the institutional Ethical committee board and the obtained results were formulated and tabulated with a bar chart. Result: The study revealed a male to female ratio about 3.5:1 with an age predilection for the 4 to 5th decade of life. Most commonly affected site was buccal mucosa (41.03%) followed by tongue(30.8%).Among the recorded habits, pan chewing is most common(30.7%).Chi- square test was done to show association between age, gender, habit, clinical site and histopathological variants. In the associations performed, correlation between clinical sites and histopathological diagnosis was statistically significant (p=0.03). Conclusion: The population studied revealed a high rate of occurrence of oral squamous cell carcinoma and was by virtue of their lack of knowledge, low socio- economic class , casual attitude to their health with high rate of tobacco consumption. This study provides in-depth information regarding the prevalence and incidence of OSCC variants among an outpatient population visiting a dental college in South India.
Keyword: Oral Squamous Cell carcinoma; Prevalence; Histopathological variants of OSCC; Incidence of OSCC
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.01.224
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