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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Clinical and Demographic Characteristics of Oral Lichen Planus - A Retrospective Study

Author: KARTHIGA DEVI.G, DEEPIKA RAJENDRAN, PRADEEP D
Abstract: Background: Oral Lichen Planus is a relatively influential inflammatory mucocutaneous disorder that frequently involves the oral mucosa. The clinical presentation of OLP ranges from painless, white keratotic lesions to painful erosions and ulcerations. An important complication of OLP is the development of oral squamous cell carcinoma, which led the World Health Organisation (WHO) to classify OLP as a potentially malignant disorder. The demographic and clinical characteristics of OLP have been well-described in several relatively large series from developed countries, whereas such series from developing countries are rare. Aim:The aim of the study was to investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics of OLP among the study population. Methods and Materials: Chosen for evaluation are 56 patients who had reported to private dental Hospital with Oral Lichen Planus. Excel tabulation of the data was done by the results that were obtained after SPSS analysis. The statistical test performed was the Chi-square test. Results: Among 56 patients, Oral Lichen Planus was higher in Females (62.5%) compared to Males (37.5%). The OLP is higher at the age group of 50-60 (39.29%). The lesions of OLP were bilateral and the buccal mucosa was the most common site (75.0%) followed by Gingiva and Tongue (8.93%). Erosive type of OLP was the most common form (46.43%) followed by reticular type (41.07%). Conclusion: Most of the characteristics are consistent with previous studies with differences in few characteristics. Lichen planus is a chronic disease where treatment is directed to control of symptoms. Long term follow up is essential to monitor for symptomatic flare up and possible malignant transformations.
Keyword: Clinical characteristics, Demographic features, Oral Lichen Planus, Oral Mucosa.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.01.225
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