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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

A Step Towards Excellence
Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Prevalence of White Spot Lesions in Patients Treated with Fixed Orthodontic Appliances

Author: AMINA MEHRIN BANO, SRIRENGALAKSHMI
Abstract: Aim: The aim of the study is to analyse the prevalence of white spot lesions in patients treated with fixed appliances in a dental university clinic in chennai . Background: White spot lesions are nothing but areas of enamel demineralization caused by the acids released by the bacteria present in plaque. These white spots are the precursors of dental caries which is a major concern to an orthodontist when it comes to aesthetics Materials and methods: A total of 138 patients who visited Saveetha Dental College and completed orthodontic treatment were included in the study . Data extraction was done using the university database , tabulated in EXCEL and analyzed using SPSS.Test for frequency and chi square test with favorable variables was done. The results were reported descriptively . Results: The study reported a low prevalence of ceramic bracket usage, 0.7% which is comparatively low in association with metal brackets used . The frequency of occurrence of white spot lesions in patients with long duration of treatments is higher when compared with patients undergoing short term treatments 18.8% (Fig 2). No white spot lesions were observed in patients undergoing fixed appliance therapy with ceramic brackets. Out of the 138 patients,white spot lesions occurred with a frequency of 18.8% in the study population in patients who used metal brackets (Fig 2). Conclusion: In this study, we can conclude that white spot lesions in ceramic orthodontic brackets occur less frequently and also result in better oral hygiene and aesthetics both during and post treatment.
Keyword: White spot lesions; Prevalence ; Ceramic brackets ; Metal brackets;Plaque accumulation
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.01.229
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