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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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A Retrospective Study On Evaluation Of Patients With Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis

Author: REVATHI.B , DEEPIKA RAJENDRAN, KIRAN KUMAR PANDURANGAN
Abstract: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is one of the common oral conditions also called the mikulicz aphthae. It is painful and severely affects the oral mucosa. The prevalence ranges from 5% to 60% all around the world with high frequency and unknown etiology but studies show many local, systemic, allergic, nutritional and immunologic factors act as causative agents. RAS significantly affects the individual patient's health related quality of life and interferes with daily activities such as drinking, swallowing and eating. Hence this study assesses the prevalence, type and various treatment modalities used for recurrent aphthous stomatitis. A retrospective study was conducted in which the data of 86000 patients records between june 2019 and march 2020 were reviewed and analysed. Among those only 71 patients affected with RAS were included in the present study. Retrieved datas were tabulated and imported in SPSS for statistical analysis. P less than or equal to 0.05 was considered statistically significant with a confidence interval of 95%. Our results showed that males showed higher prevalence than females with 67.6% and 32.3% respectively. Patients with <30 years of age(54.9%) showing increased susceptibility than >30 years of age (45%). Labial mucosa was the most commonly affected site with 39.4% and it was highly associated in patients who were <30 years of age [p=0.005, chi square test]. The Lignocaine gel was the most common treatment modality of RAS with 29.8%.
Keyword: Clinical variant ,Herpetiform, Major apthous ulcer, Recurrent aphthous stomatitis, Treatment.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.01.272
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