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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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FREQUENCY OF DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING METHAD ONE MAINTENANCE THERAPY AT DRUG REHABILITATION CENTERS OF RASHT

Author: SOMAYEHSHOKRGOZAR , MAHNAZFALLAHIKHESHTMASJEDI, ROBABEHSOLEIMANI, ELAHEHABDOLLAHI
Abstract: Given the anxiety and depression of addicts who are quitting drug abuse and the effects of these disorders on the treatment process. The purpose of this study was to investigate of frequency and risk factors of depression and anxiety in patients undergoing methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) at drug rehabilitation centers of Rasht, Northern Iran. This is a, cross-sectional study that uses a random cluster sampling method. The study population included 446 people with substance abuse in Rasht who were receiving methadone maintenance treatment in 2016. The instruments used in this study are demographic questionnaires, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D), Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A), and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS). After the data were collected, they were analyzed by SPSS 22.Out of 446 patients using methadone, 72% had depression symptoms, and 67.3% showed anxiety symptoms. There was a significant correlation between the depression and anxiety scores of Hamilton’s scales and that of BPRS in terms of methadone maintenance treatment among male, married, rural, and low education. There was also a significant relationship (P= 0.001) between the mean scores of HAM-A and HAM-D with the type of substance used. A significant correlation, was seen between the mean scores of HAM-A, HAM-D and BPRS in patients undergoing methadone maintenance therapy. Thus, with the increase in depression and anxiety, psychiatric symptoms also intensify. It is recommended that people receiving alternative therapies such as methadone undergo screening and be attended to in terms of anxiety and depression symptoms.
Keyword: Depression, anxiety, dependency, methadone
EOI: http://eoi.citefactor.org/10.11209/ijpr.10.03
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2018.10.03.051
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