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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
ISSN
0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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The Effect of Music Therapy on Anxiety in Patients before elective General Surgery

Author: HASHEM RAHMATI, JAMAL SEIDI , FARIBA GHODSBIN, SARA RAHIMI, BEHZAD GHOLAMVAISI
Abstract: Considering the cost and complications of the majority of the chemical medicines and the harmlessness of music therapy, this study was conducted in order to investigate the effect of music therapy on the anxiety of patients before elective general surgery. The present randomized double-blind clinical trial study was conducted at Sanandaj Health Centers in 2017. Initially, 88 patients undergoing general surgery, who had met the inclusion criteria, were selected through purposeful sampling method. Then, based on randomized blocking, 44 samples were assigned to each of the two intervention and control groups. In the intervention group, music was played for 20 minutes for each patient. There was no intervention in the control group. The anxiety level of patients in two groups was measured by standard Beck questionnaire before and after intervention. Collected data was analyzed by SPSS 22 using Chi-square, Independent T-test and paired T-test. The difference in mean of anxiety was not significant in two groups of music therapy and control before the study (p> 0.05). The mean and standard deviation of anxiety was 14.02 ± 4.59 in the control group and 11.43 ± 4.00 in the music therapy group. The difference in mean of anxiety was significant between two groups after the intervention (p <0.05). According to the results of the present study, as an inexpensive and uncomplicated method, music therapy can be effective to decrease the anxiety of patients before surgery.
Keyword: general surgery, music therapy, pre-surgery anxiety
EOI: http://eoi.citefactor.org/10.11209/ijpr.10.03
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2018.10.03.063
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