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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Prevalence of urinary functional disorders and functional constipation bothsingly and simultaneously in elementary school students

Author: SHAHNAZ BOLANDIANBAFGHI, RAMAK GHAVAM, MOHAMMADALI ZAARE, MOHAMMAD HASSAN ZAARE
Abstract: Owing to fetal similarity as well as common innervation of digestive system and genitourinary system, it is likely that urinary and defecation disorders occur simultaneously. The present study aimed at studying the prevalence of urinary functional disorders and functional constipation both singly and simultaneously among elementary school students of southeastern Iran in 2016.This study wasa cross-sectional as well as a descriptive-analytical one. The statistical population of this study included all male and female elementary students of Zahedan; having applied multistage sampling 5000 students (2500 boys and 2500girls) were selected. The research tool of this study was a standardized questionnaire that included 25 questions about the various symptoms of urinary functional disorders and 15 questions about the various symptoms of functional constipation. The questionnaire was delivered through the school officials to the parents. The parents completed the questionnairesthe results of the questionnaire were analyzed using SPSS, Version 18 software.From the 5000 questionnaires delivered to the parents, 4280 questionnaires, including 2040 boys (40.8%) and 2240 girls(59.2%) were used in the final analysis. In total, 665 students (15.5%) of all the students were diagnosed with urinary functional disorder and 425 students (9.9%) were diagnosed with functional constipation. 278 students (6.4%) of the entire statistical population suffered simultaneously from both urinary functional disorders and functional constipation and 812 students (19%) at least suffered from one of the aforementioned disorders. According to the findings of the present study, the prevalence of urinary and defecation disorders, especially urinary functional disorder, are more frequent among the girls and this indicates the vulnerability of urinary and defecation mechanisms in the girls. Moreover, 19% of those who participated in the present study suffered from urinary functional disorders or functional constipation or both and this high percentage calls for early diagnosis and treatment of urinary and defecation disorders so that the children are less affected by these undesirable bad effects.
Keyword: Disorder, Urinary, constipation, students
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2018.10.03.083
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