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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

A Step Towards Excellence
Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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FLUORIDE, FLUORIDATED TOOTHPASTE EFFICACY AND ITS SAFETY IN CHILDREN - REVIEW

Author: DR. RAMAKRISHNAN*, MASITAH MOHAMED SHUKRI
Abstract: Early childhood caries is one the arising prevalent chronic disease that can affect their life in many different aspects. Fluoride by far is one of the effective ways in declining the prevalence of caries and its progression. The use of fluoride has been recommended for more than 50 years to prevent and control dental caries.The recommendations for its use with infants and children have been modified during this time in an effort to maximize the caries-preventive effect and minimize the risk of dental fluorosis. It has ability to counterbalance the loss of mineral in the oral cavity caused by production of acids in biofilm by minimizing the demineralization of the tooth structure. Its local effect is desirable when considering that it is needed where the caries disease is occurring. Children younger than 5 years tend to swallow toothpaste while brushing. Older children are more able to spit out toothpaste consistently after brushing. Due to this, there have many types of fluoride that can be used in form of gel, liquid and even tablets. The methods of fluoride use can be divided into community-based population, individual and professional use. It had been accepted by most panelists that fluoride is able to maintain a low prevalence of dental caries in young children though it can also be related as a dominant factor of dental fluorosis. Therefore, the scope of the research was to study the effectiveness the use of fluoride and fluoridated toothpaste, also their safety on prevention of dental caries in primary dentition.
Keyword: Fluoride, toothpaste, prevalence, prevention, dental caries, primary dentition, children
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2018.10.04.017
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